The modern states theoretically have given their citizens individual rights based on some social convention, the legal system or ethically theoretical. The rights, also known as human rights are ethical principles of entitlement or freedom that are legal in a given society of a particular nation. The rights are fundamental laws and rules stating what the citizens are allowed to do or what the state owes its citizens.
People, however; perceive the rights as theoretical as not everyone enjoys all the rights of their nation. In the United States, for instance, citizens have Civil Rights, Political Rights and Economic Rights. In the United States Constitution, the first ten amendments in the Bill of Rights provides for the Human Rights.
The fundamental civil and human right is the right to life that the Fifth Amendment of the Bill of Rights protects. The state grants all its citizens the right to life without which there can never be safety and peace of an individual and the society as a whole. The right to life is limited, and one cannot end another person’s life or commit suicide. Committing suicide is a criminal offense against oneself, the society and the state. Unfortunately, there are two sides of the same coin. A lot of human rights defenders face types of human rights violations such as harassment or tortures.
An economic right includes the right to work and receive fair wages. The right to work is crucial for better living standards and achievement of basic individual needs. Every modern state such as the United States of America seeks to ensure that its citizens have rights to look for a job, work and get better payments for their services.
The political rights include the rights to vote and to vie for any position through elections. The United States is a democratic state and gives its citizens above the age of eighteen years the right to vote during elections. The citizens, in turn, exercise their right to vote and elect a government of their choice. Any citizen can also vie for any elective position during elections.
Citizens of a modern democratic state such as the United States have rights to oppose or compel the government to protect their rights. Such methods include democratic means such as peaceful demonstrations through groups such as workers union or human rights groups, legal actions through the courts of law or calling for the resignation of a particular elected or even appointed public servant.
In conclusion, human rights are the fundamentals of civilization in modern states. The rights are the pillars of society and its culture, structuring the form of governance through the constitution, the content of the existing laws and shape the morality and obligations of a nation’s citizens. The modern states such as America grant and guarantee political, human and civil rights to all its citizens without any biased or discrimination as stipulated in the constitution.